Alcohol is a readily available depressant drink which, is defined by the characteristic of being a fermented beverage contains ethanol. Due to easily accessible nature of alcohol it is also one of the substances of which the most people are addicted to only second to caffeine and sugar. However, unlike sugar and caffeine alcohol (more specifically ethanol) is a toxin to the body and has negative effects when ingested and behaves like a drug from the view that after a prolonged abuse of the substance, alcohol withdrawal syndrome and withdrawal symptoms occur. But what are the alcohol withdrawal symptoms? Well here are the ones that you should watch out for.
- Tremors – a sometimes subtle or violent shaking of the extremities caused by the lack of alcohol which the body has been accustomed to and dependent to function; this is called a physiological tremor i.e. its due to a sudden and extreme change and is usually temporary. However, it in cases of extreme alcoholism the tremors can be caused by damage of the motor neurons caused by ethanol overdose. The tremors may go away by themselves or remain in the case of neuron damage.
- Seizures – Caused by the extreme changes during the process of withdrawal (caused by the sudden removal of all of the substance) the body experiences extreme shock which could possibly lead to a seizure. This could be fatal although rare causing people to die from exhaustion as their body uses all the current available nutrients and glucose in the body to make deep, rapid and intense series of muscle contractions. You must immediately call an ambulance if this occurs and in the meantime between seizures give them a water solution with dissolved salt and glucose (sugar) to replenish them of the needed nutrients, water and glucose to fend off dehydration and death from exhaustion.
- Depression – Caused by an imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain after having the levels altered by the depressant ( alcohol ); depression is a serious mental health issue which, can be found commonly in addition to anxiety which is also coincidentally a symptom of alcohol withdrawal, it can cause serious issues such as suicidal thoughts which, must be reported to the local authorities and hospitals at first instance of as well as keeping an extra close eye on him to insure that nothing does happen.
- Insomnia – The inability to sleep (insomnia) is a common side effect of the drug withdrawal as the body has become accustomed to the presence of alcohol in the body and is struggling to function and carry out basic tasks such as sleep without it. You should seek to speak to your doctor if this insomnia continues but common remedies are available for sale at your local pharmacy. Please talk to the pharmacist about any side effects please remember not to operate any machinery or to drive when taking sleeping pills.
In cases of extreme sleep deprivation please take those with this symptom to a hospital immediately as extreme sleep deprivation and exhaustion risks brain damage and stroke.
These four symptoms are those that shall be closely looked out for and anyone whom displays these symptoms may need your assistance in confidence. The symptoms listed here are not the complete list of symptoms and to learn more about alcohol withdrawal symptoms please click the link. Addiction to alcohol and addiction in general is a serious illness and they may need medical intervention via many programmes such as rehab.